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mr-absentia

Deep state in the United States - Wikipedia

“The concept of a deep state suggests that there exists a coordinated effort by career government employees and others to influence state policy without regard for democratically elected leadership.[1][2][3][4][5] The term, which was originally used to refer to sophisticated shadow governments in countries like Turkey and post-Soviet Russia, has also been used in American political science to refer to entrenched government institutions wielding power, without necessarily implying a conspiracy.[6][7] Detractors say this idea is a conspiracy theory.[8][9][10]

The term was used in numerous titles about the American government written by, for example, Marc Ambinder, David W. Brown, Peter Dale Scott and Mike Lofgren. The term gained widespread popularity during the 2016 U.S. Presidential Election in opposition to mainstream Republican and Democratic candidates and has also been used in 2017 during the Trump administration.[11]

Deep state has been defined in 2014 by Mike Lofgren, a former Republican U.S. congressional aide, as ‘a hybrid association of elements of government and parts of top-level finance and industry that is effectively able to govern the United States without reference to the consent of the governed as expressed through the formal political process.’[12][13]

In The Concealment of the State, professor Jason Royce Lindsey argues that even absent a conspiratorial agenda, the term deep state is useful for understanding aspects of the national security establishment in developed countries, with emphasis on the United States. Lindsey writes that the deep state draws power from the national security and intelligence communities, a realm where secrecy is a source of power.[14]

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