Tumblelog by Soup.io
Newer posts are loading.
You are at the newest post.
Click here to check if anything new just came in.

August 02 2018

mr-absentia

i12bent: Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Russian dissident writer whose two best-known works are The Gulag Archipelago and One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich - died on this day [Aug. 3] in 2008, aged 89, of heart failure… Photo of Solzhenitsyn in the Gulag

June 26 2018

mr-absentia
4379 2498 500
Reposted frommangoe mangoe viastrzepy strzepy

June 17 2017

mr-absentia

治安維持法 - Wikipedia

“治安維持法の下、1925年(大正14年)から1945年(昭和20年)の間に70,000人以上が逮捕され、その10パーセントだけが起訴された。日本本土での検挙者は約7万人(『文化評論』1976年臨時増刊号)、当時の植民地の朝鮮半島では民族の独立運動の弾圧に用い、2万3千人以上が検挙された。

日本内地では純粋な治安維持法違反で死刑判決を受けた人物はいない。ゾルゲ事件で起訴されたリヒャルト・ゾルゲ尾崎秀実は死刑となったが、罪状は国防保安法違反と治安維持法違反の観念的競合とされ、治安維持法より犯情の重い国防保安法違反の罪により処断、その所定刑中死刑が選択された。そこには、死刑よりも『転向』させることで実際の運動から離脱させるほうが効果的に運動全体を弱体化できるという当局の判断があったともされている。ゾルゲ事件では他にも多くの者が逮捕されたにもかかわらず死刑判決を受けたのはゾルゲと尾崎だけだった。戦後ゾルゲ事件を調査したチャールズ・ウィロビーはそれまで持っていた日本に対する認識からするとゾルゲ事件の多くの被告人に対する量刑があまりにも軽かったことに驚いている[14]

とはいえ、小林多喜二横浜事件被疑者4名の獄死に見られるように、量刑としては軽くても、拷問や虐待で命を落とした者が多数存在する。日本共産党発行の文化評論1976年臨時増刊号では、194人が取調べ中の拷問・私刑によって死亡し、更に1503人が獄中で病死したと記述されている。

さらに、外地ではこの限りではなく、朝鮮では45人が死刑執行されている[15]。それ以外の刑罰も、外地での方が重い傾向にあったとされる[16]

mr-absentia
File:Censorship_TMPD

en.wikipedia.org: Public Security Preservation Law of 1925

The Public Security Preservation Law of 1925 (治安維持法?, Chian Iji Hō) was enacted on 12 May 1925, under the administration of Katō Takaaki, specifically against socialism and communism.[1] It was one of the most significant laws of pre-war Japan.

The main force behind the law was Minister of Justice (and future Prime Minister) Hiranuma Kiichirō.

Anyone who has formed an association with the aim of altering the kokutai or the system of private property, and anyone who has joined such an association with full knowledge of its object, shall be liable to imprisonment with or without hard labour, for a term not exceeding ten years.

By using the highly vague and subjective term kokutai, the law attempted to blend politics and ethics, but the result was that any political opposition could be branded as "altering the kokutai". Thus the government had carte blanche to outlaw any form of dissent.

Renewed activity by underground Japan Communist Party in 1928 led to the March 15 Incident, in which police arrested more than 1,600 Communists and suspected Communists under the provisions of the Public Safety Preservation Law of 1925. The same year, the highly anti-Communist government of Tanaka Giichi pushed through an amendment to the law, raising the maximum penalty from ten years to death.

A "Thought Police" section, named the Tokkō, was formed within the Home Ministry, with branches all over Japan and in overseas locations with high concentrations of Japanese subjects to monitor activity by socialists and Communists. A Student Section was also established under the Ministry of Education to monitor university professors and students. Within the Ministry of Justice, special "Thought Prosecutors" (shiso kenji) were appointed to suppress "thought criminals", either through punishment or through "conversion" back to orthodoxy via reeducation.

In the 1930s, with Japan's increasing militarism and totalitarianism, dissent was tolerated less and less. In early February 1941, the Security Preservation Law of 1925 was completely re-written. Terms for people suspected of Communist sympathies became more severe, and for the first time religious organizations were included in the purview of the Thought Police. In addition, the appeals court for thought crimes was abolished, and the Ministry of Justice given the right to appoint defense attorneys in cases of thought crime. The new provisions became effective on 15 May 1941.

From 1925 through 1945, over 70,000 people were arrested under the provisions of the Public Security Preservation Law of 1925, but only about 10% reached trial, and the death penalty was imposed on only two offenders, spy Richard Sorge and his informant Ozaki Hotsumi. The Public Safety Preservation Law of 1925 was repealed after the end of World War II by the American occupation authorities.

April 27 2015

mr-absentia

farsizaban: Fighters of the Union of Iranian Communists (Sarbedaran) in the forests of Northern Iran (1982) In 1982 Union of Iranian Communists launched a campaign against the Islamic Republic in the city of Amol. The upraising eventually failed and many members of UIC (S) were arrested or shot.

April 04 2015

mr-absentia

“what's ‘comrade’ in persian?”

farsizaban answered:

Rafigh - رفیق

Iranian communists used that word, it literally means friend.

Japanese: dōshi (同志), which literally means a person who shares the same ideal. Leftist political movements have strikingly declined in today’s Japan, though.

January 04 2014

mr-absentia

thestolencaryatid: A Photographic Tribute to December 1944, when the British invaded Athens to crush the communist revolution and national liberation front (EAM).

June 20 2012

mr-absentia
Older posts are this way If this message doesn't go away, click anywhere on the page to continue loading posts.
Could not load more posts
Maybe Soup is currently being updated? I'll try again automatically in a few seconds...
Just a second, loading more posts...
You've reached the end.

Don't be the product, buy the product!

Schweinderl