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August 04 2014

July 16 2014

mr-absentia

March 08 2014

March 07 2014

January 30 2014

Latin American Philosophy

Latin American Philosophy This article outlines the history of Latin American philosophy: the thinking of its indigenous peoples, the debates over conquest and colonization, the arguments for national independence in the eighteenth century, the challenges of nation-building and modernization in the nineteenth century, the concerns over various forms of development in the twentieth century, and […]
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January 25 2014

Time

[Revised entry by Ned Markosian on January 24, 2014. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography] Discussions of the nature of time, and of various issues related to time, have always featured prominently in philosophy, but they have been especially important since the beginning of the 20th Century. This article contains a brief overview of some of the main topics in the philosophy of time - Fatalism; Reductionism and Platonism with respect to time; the topology of time; McTaggart's arguments;...
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January 15 2014

Consciousness

[Revised entry by Robert Van Gulick on January 14, 2014. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography] Perhaps no aspect of mind is more familiar or more puzzling than consciousness and our conscious experience of self and world. The problem of consciousness is arguably the central issue in current theorizing about the mind. Despite the lack of any agreed upon theory of consciousness, there is a widespread, if less than universal, consensus that an adequate account of mind requires a clear...
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Other Minds

[Revised entry by Alec Hyslop on January 14, 2014. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography] The problem of other minds is the problem of how to justify the almost universal belief that others have minds very like our own. It is one of the hallowed, if nowadays unfashionable, problems in philosophy. Various solutions to the problem are on offer. It is noteworthy that so many are on offer. Even more noteworthy is that none of the solutions on offer can plausibly lay claim to enjoying...
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December 28 2013

Karl Popper: Political Philosophy

Karl Popper: Political Philosophy Among philosophers, Karl Popper (1902-1994) is best known for his contributions to the philosophy of science and epistemology. Most of his published work addressed philosophical problems in the natural sciences, especially physics; and Popper himself acknowledged that his primary interest was nature and not politics. However, his political thought has arguably […]
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December 21 2013

Civil Disobedience

[Revised entry by Kimberley Brownlee on December 20, 2013. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography] What makes a breach of law an act of civil disobedience? When is civil disobedience morally justified? How should the law respond to people who engage in civil disobedience? Discussions of civil disobedience have tended to focus on the first two of these questions. On the most widely accepted account of civil disobedience, famously defended by John Rawls (1971), civil disobedience is a public,...
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December 18 2013

Bruno Bauer

[Revised entry by Douglas Moggach on December 18, 2013. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography] Bruno Bauer (1809 - 1882), philosopher, historian, and theologian. His career falls into two main phases, divided by the Revolutions of 1848. In the 1840s, the period known as the Vormarz or the prelude to the German revolutions of March 1848, Bauer was a leader of the Left-Hegelian movement, developing a republican interpretation of Hegel, which combined ethical and aesthetic motifs. His theory of infinite self-consciousness, derived from Hegel's account of subjective spirit, stressed rational autonomy...
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December 17 2013

Phenomenology

[Revised entry by David Woodruff Smith on December 16, 2013. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography] Phenomenology is the study of structures of consciousness as experienced from the first-person point of view. The central structure of an experience is its intentionality, its being directed toward something, as it is an experience of or about some object. An experience is directed toward an object by virtue of its content or meaning (which represents the object) together with appropriate...
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July 02 2013

mr-absentia

Friedrich Nietzsche, Thus Spoke Zarathustra - Zarathustra’s Prologue

When Zarathustra was thirty years old he left his home and the lake of his home and went into the mountains. Here he enjoyed his spirit and his solitude, and for ten years did not tire of it. But at last a change came over his heart, and one morning he rose with the dawn, stepped before the sun, and spoke to it thus...

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