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September 30 2019

mr-absentia

September 21 2019

mr-absentia
7462 a244 500

It's no consolation that the USA also irradiated their own troops when deploying these chemical weapons.
Let's call them what they are, a combination of a radiation and chemical weapon.





https://truthout.org/articles/iraqi-children-test-positive-for-depleted-uranium-near-former-us-air-base

June 10 2018

mr-absentia

Video: “Fisch essen die Meisten sehr gern. Doch die meisten Fische aus Europa sind radioaktiv stark verseucht.”

Though my listening ability for Deutsch is poor and cannot understand the story well, the video refers to Pu-238 leakage in the European sea, citing something like an IAEA document. Is this really happening in Europe?! Anti-nuke people in Japan believe that EU countries keep far stricter regulation than Japan on nuclear waste. Is this wrong?

March 01 2018

mr-absentia
0650 3439 500

Uranium and other radioactive materials, such as caesium and technetium, have been found in tiny particles released from the damaged Fukushima Daiichi nuclear reactors. "Our research strongly suggests there is a need for further detailed investigation on Fukushima fuel debris, inside, and potentially outside the nuclear exclusion zone," said Dr Gareth Law. Uranium and other radioactive materials, such as caesium and technetium, have been found in tiny particles released from the damaged Fukushima Daiichi nuclear reactors.





https://dunrenard.wordpress.com/2018/03/01/new-evidence-of-nuclear-fuel-releases-found-at-fukushima/

February 16 2018

mr-absentia
2118 b05d 500

Scientists from the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration have discovered what they claim is an atmospheric aerosol particle enriched with the uranium which is used in nuclear fuel and bombs.

A "highly unusual aerosol particle containing a very small amount of enriched uranium" was tracked at an altitude of seven kilometers above Alaska's Aleutian Islands, according to a US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) study published by the Journal of Environmental Radioactivity.

The scientists underscored that the particle with the enriched uranium-235 was spotted for the first time in twenty years of observations.  The uranium-235 is specifically used for making nuclear fuel and bombs.





https://sputniknews.com/world/201802151061682061-scientists-alaska-particle-enriched-uranium/

September 21 2017

mr-absentia

July 18 2017

mr-absentia

Japan Plans to Expose Its People and 2020 Tokyo Olympians to Fukushima Radiation

“Former nuclear industry senior vice president Arnie Gundersen, who managed and coordinated projects at 70 US atomic power plants, is appalled at how the Japanese government is handling the Fukushima nuclear crisis.

‘The inhumanity of the Japanese government toward the Fukushima disaster refugees is appalling,’ Gundersen, a licensed reactor operator with 45 years of nuclear power engineering experience and the author of a bestselling book in Japan about the Fukushima Daiichi disaster, told Truthout.

He explains that both the Japanese government and the atomic power industry are trying to force almost all of the people who evacuated their homes in the wake of the Fukushima nuclear disaster to return ‘home’ before the 2020 Tokyo Olympics.

This March Japan's federal government announced the subsidies that have, up until now, been provided to Fukushima evacuees who were mandated to leave their homes are being withdrawn, which will force many of them to return to their contaminated prefecture out of financial necessity.

And it's not just the Japanese government. The International Olympic Commission is working overtime to normalize the situation as well, even though conditions at Fukushima are anything but normal. The commission even has plans for the 2020 Tokyo Olympics to have baseball and softball games played at Fukushima.

Gundersen believes these developments are happening so that the pro-nuclear Japanese government can claim the Fukushima disaster is ‘over.’ However, he noted, ‘The disaster is not “over” and “home” no longer is habitable.’”

“Reports of radiation from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, which began when a tsunami generated by Japan's deadly earthquake in 2011 struck the nuclear plant, have been ongoing.

Seven more people who used to live in Fukushima, Japan were diagnosed with thyroid cancer, the government announced in June. This brings the number of cases of thyroid cancer of those living in the prefecture at the time the disaster began to at least 152.

While the Japanese government continues to deny any correlation between these cases and the Fukushima disaster, thyroid cancer has long since been known to be caused by radioactive iodine released during nuclear accidents like the one at the Fukushima Daiichi power plant. A World Health Organization report released after the disaster started listed cancer as a possible result of the meltdown, and a 2015 study in the journal Epidemiology suggested that children exposed to Fukushima radiation were likely to develop thyroid cancer more frequently.

The 2011 disaster left 310 square miles around the plant uninhabitable, and the area's 160,000 residents were evacuated. This April, officials began welcoming some of them back to their homes, but more than half of the evacuees in a nearby town have already said they would not return to their homes even if evacuation orders were lifted, according to a 2016 government survey.

Officials from Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO), the company responsible for cleaning up the disaster, announced this February they were having difficulty locating nuclear fuel debris inside one of the reactors. Radiation inside the plant continues to skyrocket to the point of causing even robots to malfunction.

Cancer cases continue to crop up among children living in towns near Fukushima.

And it's not as if the danger is decreasing. In fact, it is quite the contrary. Earlier this year, radiation levels at the Fukushima plant were at their highest levels since the disaster began.

TEPCO said atmospheric readings of 530 sieverts an hour had been recorded in one of the reactors. The previous highest reading was 73 sieverts an hour back in 2012. A single dose of just one Sievert is enough to cause radiation sickness and nausea. Five sieverts would kill half of those exposed within one month, and a dose of 10 sieverts would be fatal to those exposed within weeks.”

“In addition to his other roles, Arnie Gundersen serves as the chief engineer for Fairewinds Energy Education, a Vermont-based nonprofit organization founded by his wife Maggie. Since founding the organization, Maggie Gundersen has provided paralegal and expert witness services for Fairewinds. Like her husband, she's had an inside view of the nuclear industry: She was an engineering assistant in reload core design for the nuclear vendor Combustion Engineering, and she was in charge of PR for a proposed nuclear reactor site in upstate New York.

When Truthout asked her how she felt about the Abe government's response to Fukushima, she said, ‘Human health is not a commodity that should be traded for corporate profits or the goals of politicians and those in power as is happening in Japan. The Japanese government is refusing to release accurate health data and is threatening to take away hospital privileges from doctors who diagnose radiation symptoms.’

Maggie Gundersen added that her husband also met with a doctor who lost his clinic because he was diagnosing people with radiation sickness, instead of complying with the government's story that their illnesses were due to the psychological stress of the Fukushima Daiichi meltdowns.

M.V. Ramana is the Simons Chair in Disarmament, Global and Human Security at the Liu Institute for Global Issues at the University of British Columbia in Canada, and is also a contributing author to the World Nuclear Industry Status Report for 2016. Like the Gundersens, he is critical of the Abe administration's mishandling of Fukushima.

‘I am not sure we can expect much better from the Abe administration that has shown so little regard for people's welfare in general and has supported the nuclear industry in the face of clear and widespread opposition,’ Ramana told Truthout. ‘As with restarting nuclear power plants, one reason for this decision seems to be to reduce the liability of the nuclear industry, TEPCO in this case. It is also a way for the Abe administration to shore up Japan's image, as a desirable destination for the Olympics and more generally.’”

“Ramana believes Fukushima should be a reminder of the inherent hazards associated with nuclear power, and how those hazards become worse when entities that control these technologies put profits over human wellbeing.

Arnie Gundersen had even stronger words.

‘The disaster at Fukushima Daiichi will continue for more than 100 years,’ he explained. ‘Other atomic power reactor disasters are bound to occur. Chernobyl and Fukushima Daiichi should have taught everyone around the world that nuclear power is a technology that can destroy the fabric of a society overnight.’

According to him, the remains of the reactor containments at Units 1, 2 and 3 are highly susceptible to damage from another severe earthquake, and any earthquake of 7.0 or higher at the Fukushima site could provoke further severe radiation releases.

Shortly after the meltdowns, Maggie and Arnie Gundersen both spoke about Japan being at a ‘tipping point’: It could respond to the disaster by leading the world in renewable energy while choosing to protect people and the pristine rural environment through sustainable energy economies.

But obviously it didn't work out that way.

‘The world saw Japan as technologically savvy, but instead of moving ahead and creating a new worldwide economy, it continues with an old tired 20th century paradigm of energy production,’ Maggie Gundersen said. ‘Look at the huge success and progress of solar and wind in other countries like Germany, Nicaragua and Denmark. Why not go energy independent, creating a strong economy, producing many more jobs and protecting the environment?’”

Reposted byriceball riceball
mr-absentia

【死せる水トリチウム】 三重水素の恐怖の正体とは? 矢ヶ崎克馬教授

“トリチウムの放射線のエネルギーは小さく、0.0186MeV(百万エレクトロンボルト)のエネルギーを持つベータ線で、体内では0.01㎜ほどしか飛びません。エネルギーが低いベータ線の特徴はエネルギーの高いベータ線より相互作用が強く、電離の密度が10倍ほどにもなります(電離とは分子切断のこと。放射線を浴びるとなぜ健康被害がでるの?に説明あり)。それがトリチウムの被曝が危険である要因です”

原子炉からは必ずこのトリチウムが出る。

特に高速増殖炉もんじゅでは多量のトリチウムを環境中に放出しているんですね。

トリチウムは通常3重水(HTO)となっていて、水に混じっています。水中のトリチウムを除去できるフィルターがあるか?というと、ない。

水にトリチウムが混ざってしまうと化学的性質(化学反応性が)、物理的性質(原子の半径)が同じで、物理的性質の中の原子の重さだけが違うので、トリチウムだけを除去することもできない。

だたし莫大な費用をかけてウラニウムを濃縮するのと同じプロセス、ガス拡散法やガス遠心分離法などで何十段階も繰り返していくとトリチウムだけを取り出すことは可能ですけれども。

それこそトリチウムを除去するために莫大な費用をかけて対策するよりも、原子力発電をやめてしまったほうが賢い。

原子力発電には、人間がコントロールできない致命的な危険が存在するのですから

July 16 2017

mr-absentia

Fukushima’s radioactive water to be released into ocean under new plan — RT News

“Under the plan the radioactive material tritium, which is being used to cool reactors whose cooling systems were damaged in the 2011 tsunami, will be released into the Pacific Ocean.”

“The plan still requires the approval of the Japanese government before TEPCO can proceed.”

“Some 770,000 tons (metric) of tritium-containing water is currently stored in 580 tanks at the plant, reported the Japan Times. Toxic water at the plant is currently being treated through a processing system that can remove 62 different types of radioactive material, except tritium.”

mr-absentia

What is tritium and what are its health effects?

from safewater.zendesk.com:

“Tritium (H3) is a radioactive isotope of the element hydrogen (H) that emits ionizing radiation in the form of a weak beta particle. Tritium is produced naturally in the upper atmosphere and as a man-made byproduct from nuclear activities including weapons explosions or energy production. Tritium is commonly found in the environment in (tritiated) water because it readily reacts with oxygen to form tritiated water. People are exposed to small amounts of tritium since it is widely dispersed in the environment and the food chain. Tritium primarily enters the body when (tritiated) water is ingested, but may also enter through inhalation or absorption through the skin. Exposure to tritium increases the risk of cancer. However, tritium is considered one of the least dangerous radionuclides because it emits very weak radiation and passes through the body relatively quickly. This and additional information is available at EPA?s online tritium fact sheet: www.epa.gov/radiation/radionuclides/tritium.html

Reposted by02mydafsoup-01 02mydafsoup-01

March 13 2017

mr-absentia
mr-absentia

Extremely high radiation breaks down Fukushima clean-up robot at damaged nuclear reactor — RT News

“The robot equipped with a high-pressure water pump and a camera designed to withstand up to 1,000 Sieverts of cumulative exposure had been pulled off the inactive Reactor 2 at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear complex earlier this week, The Japan Times reported Friday, citing the plant operator, Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO). The device reportedly broke down just two hour into the probe.

The failure led experts to rethink estimated levels of radiation inside the damaged reactor.

While last week TEPCO said it might stand at 530 Sieverts per hour – a dose that can almost instantly kill a human being, following the latest aborted mission a company official has said a reading of up to 600 Sieverts should be ‘basically correct.’

Even despite the considerable 30-percent margin of error for the revised estimate, the latest probe left no doubt that radiation levels are at record highs within the reactor. Even though it cannot be measured directly with a Geiger counter or dosimeter, the dose is calculated by its effect on the equipment.

Last month, a hole of no less than one square meter in size was discovered beneath the same reactor’s pressure vessel. The apparent opening in the metal grating is believed to have been caused by melted nuclear fuel, TEPCO then said.

The recent mission has demonstrated that the melted fuel is close to the studied area.

While extreme radiation levels have been registered within the reactor, officials insist that no leaks or increases outside have been detected.

The failure might force Japan to rethink the robot-based strategy it has adopted for locating melted fuel at Fukushima, according to The Japan Times.”

mr-absentia
mr-absentia
mr-absentia
チェルノブイリ事故後、多くの食品が汚染してしまったベラルーシでは、調理法によって放射性物質をいかに少なくするのかという研究がさかんに行われました。その中でもとても効果があったのが、「塩ゆで」です。魚や肉に関しては、塩ゆですることによって放射性セシウムが70%排除でき、ジャガイモは塩ゆでで45%排除できることが論文で発表されています。(詳しい情報はこちら
— from whitefood.co.jp

March 07 2017

mr-absentia

March 03 2017

mr-absentia

Plutonium Trojan Horse in the Body


Plutonium gets taken up by our cells much as iron does

Trojan Horse

Plutonium shares some important similarities with biologically important trivalent transition metals, especially iron. This could have importance from a material science point of view, as well.

Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Argonne National Laboratory and Northwestern University have identified a new biological pathway by which plutonium finds its way into mammalian cells. The researchers learned that, to get into cells, plutonium acts like a ‘Trojan horse,’ duping a special membrane protein that is typically responsible for taking up iron.

This discovery may help enhance the safety of workers who deal with plutonium, as well as show the way to new ‘bio-inspired’ approaches for separating radioactive elements from other metals in used nuclear fuel.

Because the bodies of mammals have evolved no natural ability to recognize plutonium—the element was first produced in 1941—scientists were curious to know the cellular mechanisms responsible for its retention in the body. The researchers exposed adrenal cells from rats to minute quantities of plutonium to see how the cells accumulated the radioactive material.

Using the high-energy X-rays provided by Argonne’s Advanced Photon Source, the researchers were able to characterize a particular protein known as “transferrin,” which is responsible for bringing iron into cells. Each transferrin is made up of two subunits, known as N and C, that normally bind iron. When another protein—the transferrin receptor—recognizes both the N and C subunits, it admits the molecule to the cell. However, when both the N and C subunits contain plutonium, the transferrin receptor doesn’t recognize the protein and keeps it out.

Contrary to their expectations, the researchers discovered that in one of the mixed states—when an iron-containing N-subunit is combined with a plutonium-containing C-subunit—the resulting hybrid so closely resembles the normal iron protein that the uptake pathway is ‘tricked’ into allowing plutonium to enter the cell.

‘Although the interaction between plutonium and bodily tissues has been studied for a long time, this is the first conclusive identification of a specific pathway that allows for the introduction of plutonium into cells,’ said Mark Jensen, an Argonne chemist who led the research.

… The research was funded by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science as well as by the National Institutes of Health.http://www.anl.gov/articles/plutonium-tricks-cells-pretending-be-iron Author manuscript found here: “An iron-dependent and transferrin-mediated cellular uptake pathway for plutonium“, Mark P. Jensen et. al. (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3462652/)

From the Jensen et. al. author manuscript: “… Pu is radiotoxic and is strongly retained by organisms1, Pu uptake from an accident, environmental contamination, or a nuclear or radiological attack can pose significant health risks. Plutonium localizes principally in the liver and skeleton in humans where it remains for decades2. It associates in vivo with the iron-containing proteins serum transferrin and ferritin3,4, but despite the danger of plutonium poisoning, the specific molecular-level pathways Pu travels to enter and localize in cells have never been identified2,5…

Plutonium shares some important similarities with biologically important transition metals, especially iron. “Plutonium is highly redox active with four oxidation states (III, IV, V, and VI) potentially relevant to living organisms, although Pu(IV) has long been considered the most important under physiological conditions.” Pu (IV) is strongly hydrolyzed at physiological pH, and if there are no steric constraints, “Pu4+ tends to form complexes that are about as stable as those of trivalent first row transition metals, notably Fe3+“. The chemical similarities between Iron (Fe) and Plutonium (Pu) “are particularly important to the metal transport protein serum transferrin (Tf). Transferrin functions to strongly bind and carry two Fe3+ ions into cells, but it also binds Pu4+ strongly…” They “found that mammalian cells could acquire Pu through the common Fe uptake pathway of receptor-mediated endocytosis of metallo-transferrins. However, to be taken into the cell by receptor-mediated endocytosis, Pu needed help from Fe.” Plutonium associates in the body with transferrin and ferritin. So, plutonium cannot get into the cell by itself, but it can ride into the cell, on transferrin, along with an iron ion – the so-called “Trojan Horse”. However, it can only fit adequately in one of the two slots available on the transferrin. (“An iron-dependent and transferrin-mediated cellular uptake pathway for plutonium” Mark P. Jensen, Drew Gorman-Lewis, Baikuntha Aryal, Tatjana Paunesku, Stefan Vogt, Paul G. Rickert, Soenke Seifert, Barry Lai, Gayle E. Woloschak, and L. Soderholm http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3462652/pdf/nihms402471.pdf)

In a related study, Atkinson, et. al. 2005, have presented “evidence for a more general pathway for the irradiation of target cells, mediated through the sequestration of heavy-metal radionuclides by the intracellular iron-storage protein ferritin… Since both transferrin and ferritin are capable of sequestering a multitude of other metals, including radioactive heavy metals (8–10)“, they have postulated “that ferritin may be a significant reservoir for radionuclide deposition” (Atkinson (2005) et. al., “Intracellular sequestration of 223Ra by the iron-storage protein ferritin,” Radiat Res. 2005 Aug;164(2):230-3 See:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16038594

Iron is a biologically important transition metal as it is also vital to life – it is one of the few trace elements needed for organisms to sustain life. It has three main biological roles:
1. Transport oxygen from lungs to cells It is used to bind to enzymes throughout the body, such as in Hemoglobin to transport oxygen throughout the human body in blood.
2. Energy Production Iron is used in the conversation of sugar, fats, and proteins into adenosine triphosphate, ATP.
3. Catalase Production Iron is involved with the production of catalase and this is important because catalase protects the body from free radical damage.

Physical Illnesses Associated with Iron[1]
Diabetes
Nervous System Diseases: Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease and behavioral abnormalities, including violence, anti-social behavior, ADHD, and autistic characteristics.
Hypertension and Cardiac Conditions
Kidney Problems
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Structural_Biochemistry/Transition_Metals
Some of these diseases could actually be from plutonium mixed with iron, based on the Jensen et. al. study. This could be from chemical and/or radiological poisoning. Uranium, as a heavy metal, is known to damage the kidneys, and believed implicated in diabetes. Plutonium is also a heavy metal:
There are two aspects to the harmful effects of plutonium: the radioactivity and the heavy metal poison effects. Isotopes and compounds of plutonium are radioactive and accumulate in bone marrow. Contamination by plutonium oxide has resulted from nuclear disasters and radioactive incidents, including military nuclear accidents where nuclear weapons have burned“.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plutonium

How Plutonium as a Trojan Horse could cause or contribute to Alzheimer’s disease

According to Raven, et. al., 2013, the hippocampus is heavily damaged in Alzheimer’s Disease, whereas the thalamus, is resistant to Alzheimer’s Disease damage. They found that compared with healthy controls, those with Alzheimer’s Disease had increased ferritin iron in the hippocampus, but not in the thalamus. They conclude that hippocampus damage “occurs in conjunction with ferritin iron accumulation“. (Raven EP, et. al., 2013, “Increased iron levels and decreased tissue integrity in hippocampus of Alzheimer’s disease detected in vivo with magnetic resonance imaging,” J Alzheimers Dis. 2013;37(1):127-36, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23792695 ) Plutonium attaches to transferrin, in conjunction with iron. Thus, it is found associated with the iron-storage protein ferritin. So, plutonium could be in the brain, along with the iron, irradiating it.

Does ionizing radiation influence Alzheimer’s disease risk?” Nasrin Begum, et. al. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3483841/
The above Alzheimer’s Disease study focuses on low LET x-ray and gamma-ray exposure, which is considered less dangerous and destructive, than high LET internal alpha radiation, such as plutonium. This is both because high LET alpha is more “destructive per radiation track” and because it stays in the body over time (A time which varies according to radioisotope and the amount of the radioisotope in the outside environment). Low LET gamma-ray exposure can also occur over time either internally, or externally in a contaminated environment, but will be still “less destructive per radiation track” than internal high LET alpha. Low LET Beta radiation is also “less destructive per radiation track” than alpha, but stays in the body over a time period, which varies according to type of radioisotope and according to its presence in the external environment. In other words, if the environment is contaminated the internal radioisotopes will enter into a steady-state condition within the body. Info on BEIR low and high LET radiation was from here:http://www.dep.state.pa.us/brp/radon_division/BEIR%20VII%20Preliminary%20Report.pdf (The document is now gone).

Unfortunately, there are many radionuclides emitted by the nuclear industry and its waste, which can trick the body, including entering the brain: “most caesium compounds are mildly toxic because of chemical similarity of caesium to potassium, allowing the caesium to replace the potassium in the body, causing potassium deficiency.[31] Exposure to large amounts of caesium compounds can cause hyperirritability and spasms,…[2]” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alkali_metal Potassium is required for nerve function, including brain and heart function:http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000479.htm There is even radioactive iron, an activation product from nuclear reactors, though the half-life is comparatively short – 2.7 years, it will still be around for decades. Furthermore, it appears that alpha emitters would be able to activate and re-activate surrounding objects, such as nuclear waste containers: “Neutrons are produced when alpha particles impinge upon any of several low atomic weight isotopes including isotopes of beryllium, carbon and oxygen.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neutron_source
Tritium from nuclear reactors and waste binds to form tritiated water, which then can disperse throughout the entire body. The nuclear industry wants us to believe that tritium is safe because it is distributed uniformly! How crazy is that! Related posts for those interested in details:https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2014/04/10/radioactive-reindeer-chernobyl-guinea-pigs-part-viii-of-a-series/https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2014/05/03/radioactive-reindeer-nuclear-guinea-pigs-part-ix-of-a-series/

Some Biologically Important Trivalent First Row Transition Metals, which Plutonium could mimic

Jensen, et. al., 2012, discuss on p. 2 that “In the absence of steric constraints, Pu4+ tends to form complexes that are about as stable as those of trivalent first row transition metals, notably Fe3+

Manganese: “manganese in human milk is in the trivalent form bound to lactoferrin, the major iron-binding protein.” USEPA (1997) Manganese. Washington, DC, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS). http://www.epa.gov/iris/subst/0373.htm. (See more on manganese at bottom of this post).

Although we couldn’t find an abstract, the title is telling: “Transfer of plutonium from milk into cheese.” Miller CL, Payne JG Jr, Bretthauer EW, Moghissi AA, Health Phys. 1972 Jun;22(6):563-5.

Copper has a diverse role in the body, including for connective tissue and bone repair, the immune system, the reproductive system, and the nervous system.

One example of biological use of Cu3+ is Hemocyanin:
Hemocyanin is an excellent example of the use in proteins. Hemocyanin is an alternative O2 transport protein that involves the binding of O2 to the two Cu2+, which is then oxidized to Cu3+ after binding. It is different from Hemoglobin in that in doesn’t ‘tag along’ with red blood cells, but is contained in hemolymph.http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Structural_Biochemistry/Transition_Metals

However, Cu3+ may be more important to the human body than often thought: “Copper peptide complexes, with low reduction potentials and high stability in aqueous solution, are of special interest in biological redox processes1 due to the probable participation of Cu(III) in the activity of some enzymes and as an intermediate in the enzymatic DNA cleavage mediated by metalloproteins.” (“Oxidative DNA damage induced by S(IV) in the presence of Cu(II) and Cu(I) complexes“, by María V. AlipázagaI; Giselle CerchiaroII; Horácio D. MoyaIII; Nina CoichevI, J. Braz. Chem. Soc. vol.20 no.7 São Paulo 2009 (http://www.scielo.br/pdf/jbchs/v20n7/a15v20n7.pdf)

Cobalt is at the center of vitamin B12. Whether or not plutonium mimics cobalt, Radioactive “Cobalt-60 can also be released to the environment through leaks or spills at nuclear power plants, and in solid waste originating from nuclear power plants. Nuclear Regulatory Commission regulations allow small amounts of cobalt-60 to be released into the air, or poured down drains as part of a liquid.” http://www.epa.gov/radiation/radionuclides/cobalt.html (The NRC encourages dilution, so it is not “small amounts” but rather diluted amounts.)

Cobalt [3] [4]
Cobalt is at the core of B12 vitamins.The structure of this is based on the corrin ring. It is used to treat anemia because it stimulates the production of erythropoietin which makes red blood cells… We mainly obtain it from the environment by breathing air, drinking water, and eating food that contain cobalt such as meats, dairy, and leafy green vegetables.

Radioactive cobalt can also cause health concerns. This type of radiation is sometimes used to treat cancer patients. Exposure affects include hair loss, diarrhea,and vomiting.

There are several enzymes that contain cobalt and use it as a ligand to bind to methyls and adenosyl. It is thought that cobalt acts by inhibition of enzymes involved in oxidative metabolism and that the response is the result of tissue hypoxia. More specifically, cobalt blocks the conversion of pyruvate to acetyl coenzyme A (coA) and of α-ketoglutarate to succinate [1].http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Structural_Biochemistry/Transition_Metals

Chromium is a transition metal which can occur in a +3, Trivalent, State

Trivalent chromium (Cr(III)) ion is possibly required in trace amounts for sugar and lipid metabolism, although the issue remains in debate.[4]” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chromium

Chromium [5]

In mammals, chromium, a micronutrient, is only required in small quantities in biological systems. While the exact roles that chromium plays in the body is still unknown, research has proposed that chromium helps maintain proper carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. In the late 1950s. Schwarz and Mertz showed the importance of chromium through experiments involving the diets of rats. When the rats were fed with Torula yeast, a diet lacking chromium, the rats were unable to efficiently remove glucose from the bloodstream. Then when the rats were fed with food rich in chromium, the rats were able to maintain a normal glucose level. This experiment became evidence that chromium depends on insulin.

In the 1980s, Wada and Yamamoto were able to isolate the oligopeptide that binds chromium. This peptide is called chromodulin. Chromodulin is a small molecule of about 1500 Da and can bind four equivalents of chromium ions. The most significant characteristic of chromodulin is its ability of effect insulin by conversion of glucose into carbon dioxide or lipid.

In addition, there has also been some studies that suggests chromium and chromodulin play a role in signal transduction. Analysis of how chromodulin activate or inhibit phosphatase and kinase activity in rat adipocytes reveal an effect of small activation of a membrane phosphotyrosin phosphatase and a significant stimulation of insulin receptor tyrosine kinase activity.http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Structural_Biochemistry/Transition_Metals

Additional information on
Manganese [6]

The human body averagely contains about 10 to 20 milligrams of manganese mostly concentrated in the pancreas, bone, liver, and kidneys. Manganese plays a role as a cofactor to important enzymes in the mitochondria and in the synthesis of glycoproteins. It can also act as a catalyst in enzyme processes involved in the synthesis of fatty acids and cholesterol. In skeletal and connective tissue development, manganese is involved in the process of mucopolysaccharide synthesis which is important in skeletal and cartilage structural matrix. Lack of manganese can lead to formation of abnormal cartilage and skeletal tissue, impaired connective tissue, poor muscle coordination,and impaired glucose tolerance and management of blood sugar levels. In the liver, manganese helps enzymes convert arginine to urea. In addition, manganese accompanies the enzyme pyruvate carboxylase which converts various non-carbohydrate substances into glucose for later use.http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Structural_Biochemistry/Transition_Metals More: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manganese

Metal Homeostasis

Transition metals such as zinc, iron, and copper are relatively essential constituents in the sphere of protein structural stability and functionality. Despite the importance of these metals in biological functions, an overabundance or a deficit of any may issue an action that is harmful to cell growth and viability. As a result, organisms must stabilize metal levels through a homeostatic mechanism. To do this, genes that encrypt the transportation of metals and storage of proteins are often regulated at the transcriptional level when there exist a change in metal concentration.

Many studies have exposed that a bad alteration in zinc, iron, and copper can affect various cancers and diseases like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s. This leads to opportunities where metal levels might invite more complex diseases in the future. Therefore, it is crucial to develop an inclusive understanding of how metal homeostasis can uncover possibilities that are health-sustaining and potentially health-risky.http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Structural_Biochemistry/Transition_Metals

As noted above, there can be too much of a good thing. Striking a good balance in vitamins and minerals is already a challenge, without the radionuclide Trojan Horses. What to do as our world food and water supply is increasingly contaminated with these deadly radionuclides? Many governments still give the knee-jerk response from 70 plus years ago that one is unlikely to meet these radionuclides in the environment. This is patently false, especially, where there are nuclear reactors or were nuclear weapons tests. Even in Africa there were nuclear weapons tests and are nuclear reactors. There are nuclear reactors in Latin America. There seems to be no clean zone, only contaminated and more contaminated zones.

Time to shut down and contain the nuclear Trojan Horses before it is too late!

Nuclear Blasphemy, 70 Yrs is Enough Campaign





https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2015/02/26/plutonium-trojan-horse-in-the-body/
Reposted fromswissfondue swissfondue viaanti-nuclear anti-nuclear

May 24 2015

mr-absentia

If you are a Japan lover, you may have ever heard about Ushiku Daibutsu, gigantic statue of Buddha installed in Ushiku, Ibaraki Prefecture.

Since the 2011 nuclear disaster that happened in the neighboring Fukushima Prefecture, the city of Ushiku has been giving opportunity of health check to citizens under 20, in order to find abnormalities caused by internal radiation exposure. Recently the local government released the result of thyroid ultrasound examinations held during the period between Nov. 2013 and Mar. 2015; the result is causing people’s serious concern. Among 136 cases:

  • no abnormalities found: 64

  • nodule or cyst found, but no need for additional examination: 63

  • nodule or cyst found, additional examination recommended: 9

  • additional examination needed immediately: 0

No health problem cases were less than half.

Reposted byanti-nuclear anti-nuclear
mr-absentia
7009 dfea 500

Map: import regulations on Japan’s food products around the world (source: whitefood.co.jp)

  • red: countries that ban import of some food items

  • orange: countries that demand radiation check on Japanese foods or run check by themselves

Reposted byanti-nuclear anti-nuclear

May 21 2015

mr-absentia
7466 4273 500

Nuclear Genocide 

Surprise Surprise!! ‪#‎Fukushima‬ Radiation found in Tap Water All Over ‪#‎Japan‬..."Testing conducted in February and March of 2015 found cesium in many tap water samples collected around Japan. While the numbers were fairly low it is still a persistent problem since tap water is used in some way in everything that is consumed. In the readings, Tokyo had higher tap water contamination levels than Fukushima City.
One reading that may cause confusion is the reading for Ichihara Chiba. It indicated iodine 131 was found in that tap water sample. That contamination would not be from Fukushima Daiichi. The reading is isolated, no other cities found iodine 131 in their water. If it had somehow been from Fukushima Daiichi, readings would have been found in areas closer to the plant. Iodine 131 has a short half life, any contamination decays away over a few weeks.
This same problem was encountered in the US soon after the disaster were iodine 131 was being found in some east coast municipal water supplies. At the time it was unlikely to be directly due to fallout from Fukushima Daiichi as too much time had passed. What may be happening is linked to medical treatments."


TY Citizen Perth


http://www.fukuleaks.org/web/?p=14751

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