Tumblelog by Soup.io
Newer posts are loading.
You are at the newest post.
Click here to check if anything new just came in.

September 19 2019

mr-absentia

UN: Act to End China’s Mass Detentions in Xinjiang

«“The magnitude of abuses allegedly occurring in Xinjiang demand uncompromising scrutiny from the Human Rights Council,” said Kenneth Roth, Executive Director at Human Rights Watch. “The Human Rights Council’s integrity demands that states not allow China to hide behind its membership or economic might to escape accountability.”

The Chinese authorities have detained Uyghurs and other Turkic Muslims – outside any legal process – in “political education” camps for their perceived disloyalty to the government and Chinese Communist Party. In those camps, they are subjected to forced political indoctrination, renunciation of their faith, mistreatment, and, in some cases, torture. Numerous UN experts, treaty bodies, and the High Commissioner for Human Rights have expressed grave concern about the situation in Xinjiang and called for unrestricted access to the region.

China has not responded positively to these requests. In December and January, the government arranged visits for some journalists and diplomats to what they claim to be mere “vocational training centers.” Following those visits, Chinese state media asserted that visitors found the conditions there “impress[ive]” and detainees “in good spirits.” “China has had multiple opportunities over the past year to answer serious questions about the horrendous situation in Xinjiang, and at every turn provided narratives that strain credibility,” said Kumi Naidoo, Secretary General of Amnesty International. “China should recognize that only an international fact-finding mission can separate facts from fiction and set the record straight.”»

mr-absentia

UN Chief Should Denounce China’s Abuses in Xinjiang

«United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres should join the growing number of those speaking out publicly against China’s mass detention of over one million Uyghurs and other Turkic Muslims in Xinjiang, Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International, FIDH – International Federation for Human Rights, International Commission of Jurists, and World Uyghur Congress, said in a letter to the secretary-general released on September 17, 2019.

By publicly and unequivocally condemning the Chinese government’s abusive policies and calling for the immediate closing of its “political education” camps in Xinjiang, Guterres would make an important contribution in addressing one of the most pressing human rights issues during his tenure leading the United Nations.

“Secretary-General Guterres should use the weight and authority of his office to unambiguously call on China’s leadership to shut down Xinjiang’s abusive detention centers,” said Kenneth Roth, executive director of Human Rights Watch. “The countless victims of China’s latest wave of repression depend on his leadership in standing up to Beijing and demanding an end to the persecution.”»

June 01 2019

mr-absentia

Assange exposed to severe abuse - UN expert


GENEVA (31 May 2019) A UN expert who visited Julian Assange in a London prison says he fears his human rights could be seriously violated if he is extradited to the United States and condemned the deliberate and concerted abuse inflicted for years on the Wikileaks co-founder.

“My most urgent concern is that, in the United States, Mr. Assange would be exposed to a real risk of serious violations of his human rights, including his freedom of expression, his right to a fair trial and the prohibition of torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment,” said Nils Melzer, the UN Special Rapporteur on torture.

“I am particularly alarmed at the recent announcement by the US Department of Justice of 17 new charges against Mr. Assange under the Espionage Act, which currently carry up to 175 years in prison. This may well result in a life sentence without parole, or possibly even the death penalty, if further charges were to be added in the future,” said Melzer, who was also following up on earlier concerns for Assange’s health.

Although Assange is not held in solitary confinement, the Special Rapporteur said he is gravely concerned that the limited frequency and duration of lawyers’ visits and his lack of access to case files and documents make it impossible for him to adequately prepare his defence in any of the complex legal proceedings piling up against him.

“Since 2010, when Wikileaks started publishing evidence of war crimes and torture committed by US forces, we have seen a sustained and concerted effort by several States towards getting Mr. Assange extradited to the United States for prosecution, raising serious concern over the criminalisation of investigative journalism in violation of both the US Constitution and international human rights law,” Melzer said.

“Since then, there has been a relentless and unrestrained campaign of public mobbing, intimidation and defamation against Mr. Assange, not only in the United States, but also in the United Kingdom, Sweden and, more recently, Ecuador.” According to the expert, this included an endless stream of humiliating, debasing and threatening statements in the press and on social media, but also by senior political figures, and even by judicial magistrates involved in proceedings against Assange.

“In the course of the past nine years, Mr. Assange has been exposed to persistent, progressively severe abuse ranging from systematic judicial persecution and arbitrary confinement in the Ecuadorian embassy, to his oppressive isolation, harassment and surveillance inside the embassy, and from deliberate collective ridicule, insults and humiliation, to open instigation of violence and even repeated calls for his assassination.”

Melzer was accompanied during his prison visit on 9 May by two medical experts specialised in examining potential victims of torture and other ill-treatment. The team

were able to speak with Assange in confidence and to conduct a thorough medical assessment

“It was obvious that Mr. Assange’s health has been seriously affected by the extremely hostile and arbitrary environment he has been exposed to for many years,” the expert said. “Most importantly, in addition to physical ailments, Mr. Assange showed all symptoms typical for prolonged exposure to psychological torture, including extreme stress, chronic anxiety and intense psychological trauma.

“The evidence is overwhelming and clear,” the expert said. “Mr. Assange has been deliberately exposed, for a period of several years, to progressively severe forms of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, the cumulative effects of which can only be described as psychological torture.

“I condemn, in the strongest terms, the deliberate, concerted and sustained nature of the abuse inflicted on Mr. Assange and seriously deplore the consistent failure of all involved governments to take measures for the protection of his most fundamental human rights and dignity,” the expert said. “By displaying an attitude of complacency at best, and of complicity at worst, these governments have created an atmosphere of impunity encouraging Mr. Assange’s uninhibited vilification and abuse.”

In official letters sent earlier this week, Melzer urged the four involved governments to refrain from further disseminating, instigating or tolerating statements or other activities prejudicial to Assange’s human rights and dignity and to take measures to provide him with appropriate redress and rehabilitation for past harm. He further appealed to the British Government not to extradite Assange to the United States or to any other State failing to provide reliable guarantees against his onward transfer to the United States. He also reminded the United Kingdom of its obligation to ensure Assange’s unimpeded access to legal counsel, documentation and adequate preparation commensurate with the complexity of the pending proceedings.

“In 20 years of work with victims of war, violence and political persecution I have never seen a group of democratic States ganging up to deliberately isolate, demonise and abuse a single individual for such a long time and with so little regard for human dignity and the rule of law,” Melzer said. “The collective persecution of Julian Assange must end here and now!” 

Reposted fromFreeminder23 Freeminder23 viawikileaks wikileaks

October 25 2017

mr-absentia

OHCHR | UN independent expert urges Spanish Government to reverse decision on Catalan autonomy

“The Spanish Government appears to invoke the principle of territorial integrity to justify forceful attempts to silence political dissent and aspirations of self-determination. While the principle of territorial integrity is important, as understood in many United Nations Resolutions, including GA Resolutions 2625 and 3314, it is intended to be applied externally, to prohibit foreign threats or incursions into the territorial integrity of sovereign States. This principle cannot be invoked to quench the right of all people, guaranteed under Article 1 of the International Covenants on Human Rights, to express their desire to control their futures. The right of self-determination is a right of peoples and not a prerogative of States to grant or deny. In case of a conflict between the principle of territorial integrity and the human right to self-determination, it is the latter that prevails.”

“Of course, there are many peoples worldwide who aspire to self-determination, whether internal in the form of autonomy or external in the form of independence. And while the realization of self-determination is not automatic or self-executing, it is a fundamental human right that the international community should help implement.”

“The international law of self-determination has also progressed far beyond mere decolonization. Applying the 15 criteria contained in my 2014 report (paras 63-77), it is evident that no state can use the principle of territorial integrity to deny the right of self-determination and that arguments about the legality of actions taken by Catalonia’s elected parliament are immaterial. Such arguments do not nullify the ius cogens character of self-determination.”

September 28 2017

mr-absentia

国連総会での核兵器に関するイランの見解の表明 - Pars Today

“〔イラン外務省の〕アラーグチー〔国際法担当〕次官は、26日火曜、核兵器の全面的廃絶のための国際デーに合わせて開催された国連総会「核軍縮ハイレベル会合」で、「“アメリカは他国より強い核能力の保持が必要だ”とするアメリカの最近のアプローチは、新たな核兵器競争へと導くものだ」と強調しました。

ストックホルム国際平和研究所の年次報告によれば、アメリカは、5種類の新たな核兵器を獲得しようとしています。アメリカは2016年の初めの時点で、7000発の核弾頭を有していました。

このような中で、アメリカが核兵器の改良に今後30年でおよそ1兆ドルの費用を検討していることから、アメリカのライバル国も、新型の兵器の製造を追求しています。この流れの継続は、世界の消滅に向けた競争を意味します。ストックホルム国際平和研究所の年次報告では、シオニスト政権イスラエルも、およそ300発の核弾頭を有するとされています。イギリスの新聞、ガーディアンはこれについて次のように報じています。

「イスラエルは、プルトニウム500キロと、兵器の製造に十分な量の濃縮ウランを保有していると診られている」

イスラエルのディモナには核施設が存在し、この施設の職員はそれを、「小さな広島」と呼んでいます。

核兵器の使用禁止に対するイランの立場は、イスラム革命最高指導者のハーメネイー師の教令ではっきりと示されています。ハーメネイー師は、2012年8月30日、テヘランで開催された非同盟諸国の会合で、次のように語りました。

「イランは、論理、宗教、考え方の点から、核兵器の保有を大きな罪と見なしており、この種の兵器の拡散は無意味で破壊的、かつ危険なことだと考えている」

ハーメネイー師はまた、次のように語りました。

「イランは核兵器のない中東を提案しており、その実現に取り組んでいく」

現在もイランは、核兵器保有国がNPTを実行し、核兵器の完全な廃絶に関する取り決めを遵守することが不可欠だと訴えています”

September 21 2017

mr-absentia

“In his address, Trump also accused the Iranian government of exporting ‘violence, bloodshed and chaos.’

‘Iran must stop supporting terrorists, begin serving its own people and respect the sovereign rights of its neighbors.’”

— PressTV: Trump calls Iran nuclear deal an 'embarrassment' to US (Sep 19, 2017)

Give your condemnation first to the Saudi regime before Iran, Mr. President.

mr-absentia
国連総会では国家元首(大統領や国王)、政府の長(首相)、大臣という順番で喋る。なのでオバマ、プーチン、習近平などの国家元首が集中する初日が混雑し、それ以外の日はそれぞれの代表団から1人、2人程度が参加する。この後イタリアのレンツィ首相が喋ったが同じ程度の混み方
— @KS_1013 on Twitter
Tags: UN

July 25 2017

mr-absentia

自衛隊日報問題の本質

from lite-ra.com (2017年7月25日):

“…この日報問題の本質は、安倍政権と防衛省・自衛隊の関係が、民主主義にとって極めて危険な状態にあるということに他ならない…

あらためて整理しておくと、昨年7月、陸上自衛隊がPKOにあたる南スーダンの首都ジュバで大規模な戦闘が発生。日報には「戦闘」などの言葉が記されていたが、この時点では公になっていない。同年9月、ジャーナリストの布施祐仁氏が防衛省に対してこの時期の日報の情報公開を請求する。しかし公開は一向に行われず、防衛省は12月2日に「日報はすでに廃棄された」として不開示を決定。ところが同月、河野太郎元公文書管理担当相の要請で再調査してみると、統合幕僚監部に電子データのかたちで保管されていることが判明。しかも、稲田防衛相にその事実が報告されたのは今年の1月27日になってからだった。

この一連の流れだけを見ても、明らかに省内で隠蔽工作があったとしか思えないが、注目すべきは、これが安倍政権の政策遂行と密接に関係していることだ。

布施氏による開示請求を防衛省が受理したのは昨年10月のことだが、当時の国会では、新安保法に基づく「駆け付け警護」の新任務を自衛隊に付与するかどうかで論戦が行われていた。

当然、国会では7月のジュバでの大規模戦闘が問題になり、PKO参加5原則の違反も指摘された。だが、稲田防衛相や安倍首相は「戦闘」を「衝突」と言い換えたあげく、「南スーダンは永田町より危険」(安倍首相)などとふざけた答弁を連発。結局、「状況は落ち着いている」とゴリ押しし、11月15日に駆け付け警護の任務付与を閣議決定。新任務を付与した自衛隊部隊の第一弾を新たに南スーダンへ送り出した。これが11月20日のことである。

そして前述のとおり12月2日、防衛省は「すでに破棄している」との名目で日報の不開示を決定したのだ。どう見ても‘駆け付け警護’強行のために都合の悪い情報を握りつぶしたとしか思えない。

そもそも駆け付け警護とは、自衛隊が現地の武装勢力などから直接攻撃を受けなくとも、国連やNGO関係者が襲撃された際に現場に駆けつけて救助するというもので、武器使用が認められる。これまで、日本政府は9条が禁じる武力行使にあたるとして「駆けつけ警護」を認めてこなかったが、安倍政権は新安保法の成立によってこれを可能とした。

安倍政権が、南スーダンPKOをこの駆け付け警護の‘先例’としたいのは誰の目にも明らかだった。一方、ジュバでは政府軍と対立する反政府軍の戦闘のほか、兵士による一般市民やNGO関係者に対するレイプや略奪が横行しているとの報告が上がっていた。もちろん、こうした状態で政府が駆け付け警護を付与すれば、自衛隊はNGO関係者などの救出に向かうことになる。

しかし、7月のケースでNGO職員を襲撃し、殺人やレイプ行為を働いたのは南スーダン政府軍の兵士だった。安倍首相は2015年の安保国会で、駆 けつけ警護に関し「国家又は国家に準ずる組織が敵対するものとして登場してこないことは明らか」として、9条に抵触しないと説明していたが、それとは裏腹に、自衛隊が「国家又は国家に準ずる組織」と敵対し、武器を使用した戦闘の発生が現実になる可能性が急激に高まったのだ。いうまでもなく違法かつ違憲の疑いが濃厚になった。

しかし、安倍政権としては、なんとしても駆け付け警護の新任務を付与して安保法の実績をここで作っておきたい。そのためには、7月のジュバで「戦闘」と明記された日報はまさしく‘邪魔’な存在に他ならなかった。

であるからこそ、この日報隠蔽問題は、単に自衛隊内での日報の捜索が杜撰だったという話で終わらないのだ。防衛省が政権を忖度し「戦闘」をなかったことにしようとしたのか。それどころか、官邸、安倍首相が防衛省に指示をした可能性すらある”

mr-absentia

“FNNが入手した、防衛省幹部の手書きのメモ。2017年2月、稲田防衛相らが、南スーダンでのPKO活動の日報をめぐる問題について、大臣室で協議した際のやり取りを記したもの。このメモには、陸上自衛隊No.2の湯浅陸幕副長、そして、稲田防衛相を示す大臣という文字が書かれている。

陸自には存在しないとされていた日報が、実際には残っていたと説明を受けた稲田防衛相は、「明日なんて答えよう」などと話し、これまで報告を受けていないとしていた稲田防衛相の説明と食い違う内容が、ここには記されている。

FNNが入手した、このメモによると、2月13日に、防衛省の大臣室で、稲田防衛相が陸自No.2の湯浅陸幕副長など、幹部数人から報告を受けた際のやり取りが、つぶさに記録されている。

メモでは、稲田防衛相が、南スーダンの首都ジュバで、大規模な武力衝突があった時期に触れ、「7月7日から12日の日報が残っていたのか」と問いただし、湯浅氏が、「紙はないかとしか確認しなかった。データはあったかというと、あった」などと回答したことが記されている。

また、日報のデータが削除されずに残っていたことを知った稲田防衛相が、「明日なんて答えよう。今までは両方破棄したと答えているのか」と幹部に確認した記述もあり、稲田防衛相が陸自の日報データの存在を認識し、自らが隠蔽に関与したことを強くうかがわせる内容になっている”

— 阿修羅: 「稲田氏が隠蔽に関与したことを強くうかがわせる」直筆メモをフジテレビが独自入手! (2017年7月25日)

July 22 2017

mr-absentia

United Nations News Centre - International community needs to 'change narrative' about Africa – UN chief Guterres

“Briefing the Security Council on their strengthened collaboration, top officials from the African Union (AU) and the United Nations today highlighted their joint work on peace and security in the Gambia, Somalia and South Sudan, as well as other African countries, and urged adequate, timely and predictable funding.

Addressing an open debate of the Council in New York, Secretary-General António Guterres said, ‘the international community needs to change the narrative about Africa and to establish a higher platform of cooperation that recognizes its enormous potential and promise.’

He noted that the AU and the UN have a shared interest in strengthening mechanisms to defuse conflicts before they escalate, and to manage them effectively when they occur.

The organization's shared objective is ‘to work closely on the basis of the principles of mutual respect and comparative advantage in all stages of the conflict cycle and in a systematic, predictable and strategic manner,’ he added.

Mr. Guterres highlighted a landmark framework signed between the UN and the AU in April to strengthen partnership between the two organizations on peace and security pillars, as well as their organization's commitment to further institutionalize and build on the partnership.

The Joint UN-AU Framework for Enhanced Partnership in Peace and Security includes four key action areas: preventing and mediating conflict and sustaining peace; responding to conflict; addressing the root causes; and the continuous review and enhancement of the partnership.”

July 08 2017

mr-absentia
Breaking News: 122 Staaten haben soeben bei den Vereinten Nationen in New York einen Vertrag zum Verbot von Atomwaffen verabschiedet. Nach Jahrzehnten stockender Abrüstung senden sie eine klare Botschaft an die Atomwaffenstaaten: die internationale Staatengemeinschaft akzeptiert den bisherigen Sonderstatus der Atommächte nicht länger.
Reposted fromswissfondue swissfondue viaanti-nuclear anti-nuclear
mr-absentia
mr-absentia
mr-absentia

@ICRC: "It's a victory for our shared humanity." Over 120 countries have adopted a landmark treaty banning nuclear weapons

Tags: ICRC UN Treaty Nuke

July 06 2017

mr-absentia

un.org: The Human Rights Council chamber in Geneva.

mr-absentia

Asma Jahangir, UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Iran.

mr-absentia

Pars Today: 国連特別報告者

  • 国連特別報告者、イランに対する根拠のない疑惑を提示 (2017年3月8日)

    “イランの人権問題を報告する国連人権理事会のジャハーンギーリー特別報告者が、イランの人権状況に関する最初の報告で、イランに反対する根拠のない疑惑を提示しました。

    ファールス通信によりますと、ジャハーンギーリー特別報告者は、イランに反対する報告の中で、イランにおける死刑の数は懸念すべきものだとして、イランに対する内政干渉により、イランに対して死刑を停止するよう求めました。

    また、イランに対して麻薬対策法の改正プロセスや死刑の代替となる他の制度の制定の迅速化を勧告しました”

  • イラン国会人権本部、「国連は、芝居の舞台と化している」 (2017年3月9日)

    “…〔イラン司法府人権本部のラーリージャーニー書記は〕イランの人権に関する特別報告者を決めることは、正当化できず、国連人権理事会の規約に反するものだとし、特別報告者に対するイランの反対は、一人の人物への反対ではないと語りました。

    ラーリージャーニー書記はさらに、国連特別報告者の最近の立場表明を批判し、「同報告者は、報告の中で、イランの反体制派テロ組織モナーフェギン、テログループ・リーギー、2009年にイランで暴動を起こした活動家を人権の擁護者と呼んでいる」と語りました”

mr-absentia

Islamic Republic News Agency: on UN special rapporteur

mr-absentia
  • United Nations News Centre: UN Human Rights Council discusses situations in DPRK, Iran, Myanmar and Burundi (Mar. 13 2017)

    Iranian judiciary ‘neither independent nor free from influence’

    In her briefing on the rights situation in Iran, Special Rapporteur Asma Jahangir underlined the importance of the independence of lawyers and legal professionals to protect human rights and ensure a fair administration of justice.

    ‘[However] the judiciary in Iran is neither independent nor free from influence from the executive,’ she said, noting concern that recent developments in this field, including a Bill, introduced last July, which, if adopted, could further undermine the independence of the lawyers.

    ‘Broad and vague definition of certain offences, disrespect for the right of any accused to be promptly informed about charges against them, preventing the accused from freely choosing their legal representation are all contributing factors to violations of the right to fair trial and due process of law,’ she added.

    The Special Rapporteur also voiced concern over the use of torture and ill treatment, which remains legally condoned as well as a number of recent arrests of journalists, writers, social media activists and human rights defenders, in particular women’s rights activists, and called on the authorities take corrective measures.

    ‘I am disturbed by the level of fear of those who try to communicate with me. Several interlocutors living outside and inside the country expressed fear of reprisals against them or their family members living inside the country,’ said Ms. Jahangir.”

  • OHCHR: Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran

    “On 24 March 2011, the Human Rights Council adopted a resolution re-establishing the mandate of a Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran. The previous mandate established by the Commission on Human Rights was terminated in 2002.

    On 30 September 2016, the President of the Human Rights Council appointed Ms. Asma Jahangir from Pakistan as the new Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Ms. Jahangir officially assumed responsibility for the mandate on 1st November 2016. The former mandate holder, Mr. Ahmed Shaheed, former Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Maldives assumed this mandate from June 2011 to September 2016.

    Ms. Jahangir presented her first report to the Human Rights Council on 13 March 2017.

    Asma Jahangir is the second Special Rapporteur of the Human Rights Council on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran since the re-establishment of the mandate by the Human Rights Council.

    Ms. Jahangir was elected as President of the Supreme Court Bar Association of Pakistan and as Chairperson of the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan.

    Over the years, she has been recognized both nationally and internationally for her contribution to the cause of human rights and is a recipient of major human rights awards. She has worked extensively in the field of women’s rights, protection of religious minorities and in eliminating bonded labour. She is a former Special Rapporteur on summary executions, and on freedom of religion.”

  • Wikipedia: Special Rapporteur on Human Rights in Iran

    “The United Nations Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran is a United Nations Special Rapporteur whose mandate is to monitor and investigate human rights violations in Iran. The current Special Rapporteur is Asma Jilani Jahangir, a human rights lawyer of Pakistani origin and a former President of the Supreme Court Bar Association of Pakistan. She has held the position since 2016.[1] She is the fifth special rapporteur to Iran, following the tenures of Andrés Aguilar (1984-1986), Reynaldo Galindo Pohl (1986-1995), Maurice Copithorne (1995-2002)[2][3] and Ahmed Shaheed (2011-2016).[4]

  • Wikipedia: Asma Jahangir

    Asma Jilani Jahangir (Urdu: عاصمہ جہانگیر‎, translit. ʿĀṣimah Jahāṉgīr; born 27 January 1952 in Lahore) is a Pakistani human rights lawyer and social activist who co-founded and chaired the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan. She is widely known for playing a prominent role in the Lawyers' Movement and serves as the trustee at the International Crisis Group.[2][3]

July 01 2017

mr-absentia
Older posts are this way If this message doesn't go away, click anywhere on the page to continue loading posts.
Could not load more posts
Maybe Soup is currently being updated? I'll try again automatically in a few seconds...
Just a second, loading more posts...
You've reached the end.

Don't be the product, buy the product!

Schweinderl