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October 31 2019


September 08 2019


Linux Lite - Wikipedia

«Linux Lite is a Linux distribution, based on Debian and Ubuntu and created by a team led by Jerry Bezencon. The distribution offers a lightweight desktop experience with a customized Xfce desktop environment. It includes a set of Lite application to make the life easier for a novice Linux user.

Linux Lite is a 'gateway operating system'. It was created to make the transition from Windows to a Linux based operating system as smooth as possible. Linux Lite follows the Unix philosophy in regards to software selection and programming as it applies to the modern era - Write programs that do one thing and do it well.»

Reposted byPewPow PewPow

October 06 2018


@nudin’s reaction to @simonsayer

It's not russian but British and is wasn't 8 minutes long but 12, but 4 minutes went lost. Wikipedia contains the full film: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alice_in_Wonderland_(1903_film)
Reposted fromNudin Nudin

June 17 2018


en.wikipedia.org: Chapagetti (Korean: 짜파게티) is a brand of ramyeon produced by Nongshim in South Korea since 1984. Chapagetti is the first instant jajangmyeon in South Korea and is the second highest-selling brand of noodles in South Korea.

Reposted bykitsunesoba kitsunesoba

June 02 2018


Scorched rice - Wikipedia

“Scorched rice is a thin crust of slightly browned rice at the bottom of the cooking pot. It is produced during the cooking of rice over direct heat from a flame.”

Okoge (お焦げ) is eaten with vegetables or moistened with water, soup, or tea. Okoge (お焦げ, おこげ) is Japanese food, usually rice, that has been scorched or blackened.

Until electric rice cookers came into common use in the 20th century, rice in Japan was cooked in a kamado, a traditional stove heated by wood or charcoal. Because regulating the heat of a wood or charcoal fire is more difficult, a layer of rice at the bottom of the pot would often be slightly burned during cooking; this layer, called okoge, was not discarded, but was eaten with vegetables or moistened with water, soup, or tea.

Okoge is still eaten in Japanese cuisine, and is an important part of the kaiseki meal served at tea ceremonies, where it is typically served with hot water and pickles as the final course. It has a crispy texture and a nutty flavour.

Because the cooking temperature of modern electric rice cookers is precisely controlled, okoge does not usually form naturally during the cooking process. However, there are rice cookers on the market in Japan that have an okoge setting. Okoge can also be made by scorching cooked rice in a frying pan.”

— Wikipedia: Scorched rice - Japan

Reposted bystrzepyfinkregh

Tahdig (Persian: ته دیگ‎, tah "bottom" + dīg "pot") is a specialty of Iranian cuisine consisting of crisp rice taken from the bottom of the pot in which the rice (chelow) is cooked.[6] It is traditionally served to guests at a meal.[7] Ingredients commonly added to tahdig include yogurt and saffron, bread, potato and tomato.

Variations of tahdig include placing thin vegetable slices at the bottom of the pot, so they crisp up instead of the rice, these vegetables include potato, carrots, and lettuce.[8] Iranians sometimes apply this cooking method to spaghetti as well, providing a hardened base.[9]

— Wikipedia: Scorched rice - Iran

Reposted byfinkregh finkregh

April 15 2018


November 22 2017


Light-weight Linux distribution - Wikipedia

“A light-weight Linux distribution is a Linux distribution that has lower memory and/or processor-speed requirements than a more ‘feature-rich’ Linux distribution. The lower demands on hardware ideally result in a more responsive machine, and/or allow devices with fewer system resources (e.g. older or embedded hardware) to be used productively. The lower memory and/or processor-speed requirements are achieved by avoiding software bloat, i.e. by leaving out features that are perceived to have little or no practical use or advantage, or for which there is no or low demand.”

August 19 2017


“19 ^ 酸素マスク着用を促す航空機関士に対して機長、副操縦士が同意するが、3名とも墜落まで着用した形跡はない。その理由については不明である。

20 ^ R5 のドアは墜落現場で破損していない状態で発見されている。航空機関士は機長に対して「R5付近の酸素が落っこちてます、ディセンド(降下)したほうが良いと思います」と報告した後に「荷物の収納スペースの所が落っこちてる」と報告している。なぜ「R5 のドアがブロークン」と羽田のJALオペレーションセンターへ連絡したのか、そもそも連絡がどのような内容であったかは不明である”

— wikipedia: 日本航空123便墜落事故 (注釈)

Delayed rescue operation

United States Air Force controllers at Yokota Air Base situated near the flight path of Flight 123 had been monitoring the distressed aircraft's calls for help. They maintained contact throughout the ordeal with Japanese flight control officials and made their landing strip available to the aeroplane. The Atsugi Naval Base also cleared their runway for JAL 123 after being alerted of the ordeal. After losing track on radar, a U.S. Air Force C-130 from the 345th TAS was asked to search for the missing plane. The C-130 crew was the first to spot the crash site 20 minutes after impact, while it was still daylight. The crew sent the location to Japanese authorities and radioed Yokota Air Base to alert them and directed a Huey helicopter from Yokota to the crash site. Rescue teams were assembled in preparation to lower Marines down for rescues by helicopter tow line. Despite American offers of assistance in locating and recovering the crashed plane, an order arrived, saying that U.S. personnel were to stand down and announcing that the Japan Self-Defense Forces were going to take care of it themselves and outside help was not necessary. To this day, it is unclear who issued the order denying U.S. forces permission to begin search and rescue missions.[22]

Although a JSDF helicopter eventually spotted the wreck during the night, poor visibility and the difficult mountainous terrain prevented it from landing at the site. The pilot reported from the air that there were no signs of survivors. Based on this report, JSDF personnel on the ground did not set out to the site the night of the crash. Instead, they were dispatched to spend the night at a makeshift village erecting tents, constructing helicopter landing ramps and engaging in other preparations, all 63 kilometers (39.1 miles) from the wreck. Rescue teams did not set out for the crash site until the following morning. Medical staff later found bodies with injuries suggesting that individuals had survived the crash only to die from shock, exposure overnight in the mountains, or from injuries that, if tended to earlier, would not have been fatal.[14] One doctor said "If the discovery had come ten hours earlier, we could have found more survivors."[23]

Off-duty flight attendant Yumi Ochiai, one of the four survivors out of 524 passengers and crew, recounted from her hospital bed that she recalled bright lights and the sound of helicopter rotors shortly after she awoke amid the wreckage, and while she could hear screaming and moaning from other survivors, these sounds gradually died away during the night.[14]
Japan Airlines Flight 123 - Wikipedia

July 09 2017


Deep state in the United States - Wikipedia

“The concept of a deep state suggests that there exists a coordinated effort by career government employees and others to influence state policy without regard for democratically elected leadership.[1][2][3][4][5] The term, which was originally used to refer to sophisticated shadow governments in countries like Turkey and post-Soviet Russia, has also been used in American political science to refer to entrenched government institutions wielding power, without necessarily implying a conspiracy.[6][7] Detractors say this idea is a conspiracy theory.[8][9][10]

The term was used in numerous titles about the American government written by, for example, Marc Ambinder, David W. Brown, Peter Dale Scott and Mike Lofgren. The term gained widespread popularity during the 2016 U.S. Presidential Election in opposition to mainstream Republican and Democratic candidates and has also been used in 2017 during the Trump administration.[11]

Deep state has been defined in 2014 by Mike Lofgren, a former Republican U.S. congressional aide, as ‘a hybrid association of elements of government and parts of top-level finance and industry that is effectively able to govern the United States without reference to the consent of the governed as expressed through the formal political process.’[12][13]

In The Concealment of the State, professor Jason Royce Lindsey argues that even absent a conspiratorial agenda, the term deep state is useful for understanding aspects of the national security establishment in developed countries, with emphasis on the United States. Lindsey writes that the deep state draws power from the national security and intelligence communities, a realm where secrecy is a source of power.[14]

Reposted by02mydafsoup-01 02mydafsoup-01

July 06 2017


International Crisis Group - Wikipedia


Crisis Group raises funds from mainly western governments, charitable foundations, companies and individual donors. In 2011/2012, 49% of its funding came from governments, 20% from philanthropic organisations, and 31% from individuals and private foundations.[citation needed] During 2012/2013 ‘unrestricted income for annual operations’ was $18.3 million with total expenditure of $21.9 million, with 49% of funds coming from governments, 23% from individuals and corporate foundations and 30% of ‘philanthropic organisations’,[4] where the difference between corporate foundations and 'philanthropic organisations' was not explained. In the early stages of Crisis Group's history, funding was much less diverse, mainly from co-founder George Soros, chairman of the Open Society Institute.[5]:551, note 28 Crisis Group has an Advisory Council composed of three groups named the President's Council, the International Advisory Council, and the Ambassador Council, which includes corporations like Chevron and Shell, as well as some members listed on its website as ‘Anonymous’.[6] Crisis Group has been criticised for serving the interests of its corporate and government funders.”


Moisés Naím, a member of the board of directors of the International Crisis Group served as the Venezuelan Minister for Development for the centrist government of Carlos Andrés Pérez. In 2011 the International Crisis Group released a report intimating that the Venezuelan government of Hugo Chavez might suffer ‘unpredictable, possibly violent consequences’ if it did not audit the election results in which Chávez won.[13] The election results have been recognized as valid by 170 neutral international observers with the exception of the United States government, who along with allied governments, provides half of the funding for the International Crisis Group.[14][15]

  • United Nations News Centre: UN Human Rights Council discusses situations in DPRK, Iran, Myanmar and Burundi (Mar. 13 2017)

    Iranian judiciary ‘neither independent nor free from influence’

    In her briefing on the rights situation in Iran, Special Rapporteur Asma Jahangir underlined the importance of the independence of lawyers and legal professionals to protect human rights and ensure a fair administration of justice.

    ‘[However] the judiciary in Iran is neither independent nor free from influence from the executive,’ she said, noting concern that recent developments in this field, including a Bill, introduced last July, which, if adopted, could further undermine the independence of the lawyers.

    ‘Broad and vague definition of certain offences, disrespect for the right of any accused to be promptly informed about charges against them, preventing the accused from freely choosing their legal representation are all contributing factors to violations of the right to fair trial and due process of law,’ she added.

    The Special Rapporteur also voiced concern over the use of torture and ill treatment, which remains legally condoned as well as a number of recent arrests of journalists, writers, social media activists and human rights defenders, in particular women’s rights activists, and called on the authorities take corrective measures.

    ‘I am disturbed by the level of fear of those who try to communicate with me. Several interlocutors living outside and inside the country expressed fear of reprisals against them or their family members living inside the country,’ said Ms. Jahangir.”

  • OHCHR: Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran

    “On 24 March 2011, the Human Rights Council adopted a resolution re-establishing the mandate of a Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran. The previous mandate established by the Commission on Human Rights was terminated in 2002.

    On 30 September 2016, the President of the Human Rights Council appointed Ms. Asma Jahangir from Pakistan as the new Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Ms. Jahangir officially assumed responsibility for the mandate on 1st November 2016. The former mandate holder, Mr. Ahmed Shaheed, former Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Maldives assumed this mandate from June 2011 to September 2016.

    Ms. Jahangir presented her first report to the Human Rights Council on 13 March 2017.

    Asma Jahangir is the second Special Rapporteur of the Human Rights Council on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran since the re-establishment of the mandate by the Human Rights Council.

    Ms. Jahangir was elected as President of the Supreme Court Bar Association of Pakistan and as Chairperson of the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan.

    Over the years, she has been recognized both nationally and internationally for her contribution to the cause of human rights and is a recipient of major human rights awards. She has worked extensively in the field of women’s rights, protection of religious minorities and in eliminating bonded labour. She is a former Special Rapporteur on summary executions, and on freedom of religion.”

  • Wikipedia: Special Rapporteur on Human Rights in Iran

    “The United Nations Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran is a United Nations Special Rapporteur whose mandate is to monitor and investigate human rights violations in Iran. The current Special Rapporteur is Asma Jilani Jahangir, a human rights lawyer of Pakistani origin and a former President of the Supreme Court Bar Association of Pakistan. She has held the position since 2016.[1] She is the fifth special rapporteur to Iran, following the tenures of Andrés Aguilar (1984-1986), Reynaldo Galindo Pohl (1986-1995), Maurice Copithorne (1995-2002)[2][3] and Ahmed Shaheed (2011-2016).[4]

  • Wikipedia: Asma Jahangir

    Asma Jilani Jahangir (Urdu: عاصمہ جہانگیر‎, translit. ʿĀṣimah Jahāṉgīr; born 27 January 1952 in Lahore) is a Pakistani human rights lawyer and social activist who co-founded and chaired the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan. She is widely known for playing a prominent role in the Lawyers' Movement and serves as the trustee at the International Crisis Group.[2][3]

June 27 2017


“[Ivanka] Trump was raised as a Presbyterian Christian.[108] She converted to Orthodox Judaism in July 2009,[109][110] after studying with Rabbis Haskel Lookstein[97][111] and Elie Weinstock from the Modern Orthodox Ramaz School.[112] Trump took the Hebrew name ‘Yael’.[113][114] She describes her conversion as an ‘amazing and beautiful journey’ which her father supported ‘from day one’, adding that he has ‘tremendous respect’ for the Jewish religion.[64] She attests to keeping a kosher diet and observing the Jewish Sabbath, saying in 2015: ‘We're pretty observant... It's been such a great life decision for me... I really find that with Judaism, it creates an amazing blueprint for family connectivity. From Friday to Saturday we don't do anything but hang out with one another. We don't make phone calls.’[104] When living in New York City, Trump used to send her daughter to kindergarten at a Jewish school. She says that ‘It's such a blessing for me to have her come home every night and share with me the Hebrew that she's learned and sing songs for me around the holidays.’[64]

Ivanka and her husband made a pilgrimage to the grave of the Lubavitcher Rebbe, a popular prayer site, shortly before her father's election victory.[109][115] On May 22, 2017, Ivanka and Kushner also traveled with her father on the first official visit of Israel by the Trump administration, where her father made the first visit to the Western Wall by a sitting U.S. President.[116] Ivanka also visited the Yad Vashem Holocaust memorial in western Jerusalem and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in the Christian Quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem during the trip.[117]

— Wikipedia: Ivanka Trump

June 17 2017


治安維持法 - Wikipedia






en.wikipedia.org: Public Security Preservation Law of 1925

The Public Security Preservation Law of 1925 (治安維持法?, Chian Iji Hō) was enacted on 12 May 1925, under the administration of Katō Takaaki, specifically against socialism and communism.[1] It was one of the most significant laws of pre-war Japan.

The main force behind the law was Minister of Justice (and future Prime Minister) Hiranuma Kiichirō.

Anyone who has formed an association with the aim of altering the kokutai or the system of private property, and anyone who has joined such an association with full knowledge of its object, shall be liable to imprisonment with or without hard labour, for a term not exceeding ten years.

By using the highly vague and subjective term kokutai, the law attempted to blend politics and ethics, but the result was that any political opposition could be branded as "altering the kokutai". Thus the government had carte blanche to outlaw any form of dissent.

Renewed activity by underground Japan Communist Party in 1928 led to the March 15 Incident, in which police arrested more than 1,600 Communists and suspected Communists under the provisions of the Public Safety Preservation Law of 1925. The same year, the highly anti-Communist government of Tanaka Giichi pushed through an amendment to the law, raising the maximum penalty from ten years to death.

A "Thought Police" section, named the Tokkō, was formed within the Home Ministry, with branches all over Japan and in overseas locations with high concentrations of Japanese subjects to monitor activity by socialists and Communists. A Student Section was also established under the Ministry of Education to monitor university professors and students. Within the Ministry of Justice, special "Thought Prosecutors" (shiso kenji) were appointed to suppress "thought criminals", either through punishment or through "conversion" back to orthodoxy via reeducation.

In the 1930s, with Japan's increasing militarism and totalitarianism, dissent was tolerated less and less. In early February 1941, the Security Preservation Law of 1925 was completely re-written. Terms for people suspected of Communist sympathies became more severe, and for the first time religious organizations were included in the purview of the Thought Police. In addition, the appeals court for thought crimes was abolished, and the Ministry of Justice given the right to appoint defense attorneys in cases of thought crime. The new provisions became effective on 15 May 1941.

From 1925 through 1945, over 70,000 people were arrested under the provisions of the Public Security Preservation Law of 1925, but only about 10% reached trial, and the death penalty was imposed on only two offenders, spy Richard Sorge and his informant Ozaki Hotsumi. The Public Safety Preservation Law of 1925 was repealed after the end of World War II by the American occupation authorities.

May 15 2017


Genderqueer - Wikipedia

Genderqueer pride flag

“Genderqueer people may identify as one or more of the following:

  • having an overlap of, or indefinite lines between, gender identity;[2]
  • having two or more genders (being bigender, trigender, or pangender);
  • having no gender (being agender, nongendered, genderless, genderfree or neutrois);
  • moving between genders or having a fluctuating gender identity (genderfluid);[3] or
  • being third gender or other-gendered, a category which includes those who do not place a name to their gender.[4]

“In addition to being an umbrella term, genderqueer has been used as an adjective to refer to any people who transgress distinctions of gender, regardless of their self-defined gender identity, i.e., those who ‘queer’ gender, expressing it non-normatively, or overall not conforming into the binary genders, man and woman.[5]Androgynous (also androgyne) is frequently used as a descriptive term for people in this category, though genderqueer people may express a combination of masculinity and femininity, or neither, in their gender expression, and not all identify as androgynous. However, the term has been applied by those describing what they see as a gender ambiguity.[6] Some references use the term transgender broadly, in such a way that it includes genderqueer/non-binary people.[7][8][9]

“Some genderqueer people[22][23] are medically treated for gender dysphoria with surgery and/or hormones as trans men and women are. The World Health Organization considers sex and gender to be distinct concepts.[24] Some genderqueer people identify as a male woman or a female man, or combine genderqueer with another gender option.[25] Gender identity is separate from sexual or romantic orientation,[23] and genderqueer people have a variety of sexual orientations, just like transgender and cisgender people do.[26]

“Some genderqueer people prefer to use gender-neutral pronouns such as one, ze, sie, hir, co, ey or singular ‘they’, ‘their’ and ‘them’, while others prefer the conventional gender-specific pronouns ‘her’ or ‘him’. Some genderqueer people prefer to be referred to alternately as he and she, and some prefer to use only their name and not use pronouns at all.[27] Many genderqueer people prefer additional neutral language, such as the title ‘Mx.’ instead of Mr. or Ms.[28]

March 03 2017

Representing Iranian filmmaker Asghar Farhadi at the 89th Academy Awards

She and Firouz Naderi represented Iranian filmmaker Asghar Farhadi at the 89th Academy Awards for his film's winning in the Best Foreign Language Film category. Because of Farhadi's absence due to his opposition to President Trump's immigration ban applying to seven Muslim countries including Iran, he selected Firouz Naderi and Anoushe Ansari as his representatives at the Oscars, as both of them are successful Iranian-Americans who emigrated to the U.S.A. On February 26, 2017 they accepted the Oscar for Best Foreign Language Film for the movie The Salesman.
— en.wikipedia.org: Anousheh Ansari

February 23 2017


Revised Romanization of Korean - Wikipedia

“The Revised Romanization of Korean (국어의 로마자 표기법; gugeoui romaja pyogibeop; lit. "Roman-letter notation of the national language") is the official Korean language romanization system in South Korea proclaimed by Ministry of Culture and Tourism to replace the older McCune–Reischauer system. The new system eliminates diacritics in favor of digraphs and adheres more closely to Korean phonology than to a suggestive rendition of Korean phonetics for non-native speakers.”


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